Do you know why scholarships are offered by most advanced countries? Do you want to know why scholarships are offered by most advanced countries? I will explain why to you in this article today. It is a known fact that many advanced countries give scholarships for higher education studies in their countries or in other countries. These countries fund research and education. They have tremendous financial provisions for research and training in schools.
Some available scholarships are:
- Fulbright scholarships in the USA
- Commonwealth scholarships
- UNESCO scholarships
- DAAD scholarships in Germany
- PIEAS scholarships
- UniSA scholarships
- JSPS in Japan
- So many others
What do the countries see or sense that made them keep giving out these scholarships? Below are some other things that they see that made them invest in educating whoever is ready and shows potential.
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- These countries make good use of the research results – The sponsored research usually is known or the sponsor provides the area to be researched on. The sponsors are usually doing something around the research topic or associated with the research topic. The research result may help them to do a better job on their own part. The result may be something they need to use further or something whose results will enable them to get something else done better. An example of a country that makes good use of research results in the United States. A lot of Switch grasses are found at Stillwater in Oklahoma and elsewhere. Some research is being sponsored in this area for master’s and doctoral students to see how they can use this grass to produce biofuel.
- These countries have a love for basic research – basic researches are researches that are not solving a particular problem but they are adding to the already established base of knowledge. These basic researches can be in science, arts, or commerce. For instance, Louis Pasteur used a particular temperature to demonstrate the process of pasteurization. Note that Louis Pasteur solved the problem of wine spoilage in France with his research (heating wine below its boiling point temperature for some time). Many other researchers have come up to modify the temperature that Pasteur used and the time. Today we have what is called Ultra high-temperature pasteurization, high-temperature pasteurization, and many others. Some pasteurization can be as fast as 1 second. The love for basic research for researchers to add to or improve the already established body of knowledge makes sponsors to fund scholarships.
- Some countries or sponsors want to give back to the community or the world – Some of these sponsors have made a lot of money from their businesses. These wealthy individuals, companies, or nations know the importance of sowing and reaping and they keep investing in people with the belief that whatever they give out will return to them in large quantities. As an example, a single mango seed will produce a mango tree after some years. That mango tree will keep the fruiting year in and year out. It will produce about 1000 fruits and seeds annually. Can you imagine what a single seed has become? The seed was sown and it produced a lot more. That is the law of sowing and reaping practiced by some countries or sponsors and philanthropists.
- Some of the scholarship sponsors are giving back what they have enjoyed – many wealthy people in wealthy nations that give out scholarships were once poor. They were sponsored when they were poor and now they are wealthy. They look back and imagine what they can do with their money. They imagine how to give back to the community. The way they give back to the world or show appreciation is to sponsor other people. They give back by donating to scholarship opportunities for indigent persons from different places in the world.
- These countries are training the students in human capacity development – Research is not easy. Studying and staying in school is not easy. It takes a lot of effort to study and do research. Do you know that life is easy in advanced counties and most of the citizens are not interested in research and further studies? They have access to money that will make their lives comfortable with a high school certificate. Scholarships come around to motivate the students to go for further studies and research. A thoroughly developed mind or individual will bring about the development of the family, society, nation, and the whole world.
- They invest to attract talent – Most of these developed countries invest in training and retraining even for foreign nationals in order to attract the best hands. They want to attract the best brains. They want to attract the best talents to help them move their nation forward. Advanced countries are merit-based They see the world as a global village and are ready to hire the best from anywhere. They do not base or build their nations on mediocrity. They want whoever it is that can solve their research problem to come along and be counted.
- They want people from other countries to see their countries too – A typical example of this is the Fulbright scholarship. That scholarship was proposed by Senator Fulbright of the United States. He raised and pursued the motion on the floor of the US Senate after the second world war that the US government should set some money aside to sponsor research and education that will allow foreign nationals to visit the US and the US nationals to visit other countries for cultural exchange and mutual understanding. His proposal was accepted and today that scholarship is a household name with many people benefitting yearly.
- They want to attract smart and hardworking students – Some brilliant and hardworking students do not have the money to sponsor their own education abroad. The advanced countries know that these students with good grades and hardworking will do their country a lot of good. They can serve as role models to students from other countries. They can contribute to solving global problems. Such students can decide to work in advanced countries after their education. Advanced countries offer jobs to promising graduates as soon as they complete their education.
- They know that helping them will have future payoffs – Smart students are likely going to become wealthy persons in the future. They know that smart students have a higher probability of becoming successful in the future. Such students can become alumni who will donate well to the course of the school or country in the future.
- They know that foreign students from developing countries have the latent ability or potential but do not have the resources – The exchange rate for the dollar, pound, or euro in many third world countries will not allow indigent but brilliant persons to afford the air ticket to the advanced country to study. This is why the Universities in advanced countries attract brilliant students with college scholarships.
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In conclusion, now that you know why scholarships are offered by most advanced countries, brace up and face the challenge. You will make it. You will contribute to your knowledge.